Сварочные электроды ОЗЛ 8 — применение и хранение

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электроды озл 8

Сварочные электроды “ОЗЛ 8” незаменимы при работе с нержавейкой. Они хорошо справляются с работой и дают возможность создавать качественное и надежное соединение. Вне зависимости от материалов, работать данными электродами комфортно и просто. Наплавленный металл, полученный при сварке, имеет отличные параметры плотности. Он получается равномерным и прочным.

“ОЗЛ 8” выпускается многими заводами, в числе которых имеются и отечественные предприятия, например Бор, ЛЭЗ, СЗСМ, ШЭЗ и прочие. Частенько на рынке можно встретить данную марку под названием Гранит или Монолит. Из-за этого, в быту данные электроды так и называют “Монолит”.

Где применяются электроды и какие имеют характеристики?

Основное назначение электродов — сварка ответственных и рядовых конструкций, сделанных из сплавов, стойких к образованию коррозии. Полученное соединение может легко переносить нахождение в агрессивной среде.

Повышенной устойчивости к кристаллической коррозии шов не получит. Имейте это в виду, когда соберетесь покупать ОЗЛ 8.

Электроды работают от постоянного тока обратной полярности. Сварка допускается в разных положениях (кроме вертикального “сверху-вниз”). Это дает возможность работать в условиях даже сложного монтажа, когда подобраться к месту сварки непросто. Электроды часто применяют при сборке и монтаже труб.

Стержни поставляются в упаковках по 5 кг и выпускаются в разных диаметрах — от 3 до 5 мм, рассчитанных для разной толщины свариваемого материала.

Перед проведением непосредственных работ, нужно подготовить поверхности к сварке. Они должны быть хорошо очищены. С кромок нужно убрать всю грязь, старое покрытие, ржавчину и влагу. Только в этом случае соединение получится надежным и качественным.

Наибольшее распространение ОЗЛ 8 получили среди домашних хозяйств. Они отлично подходят для мелких работ и ремонта. К примеру, с их помощью можно легко собрать каркас под навес, восстановить бытовые конструкции и т. д. Электроды встречаются также на небольших производствах. Они удобны в работе и имеют неплохие сварные качества.

Если полученному шву необходимо придать дополнительную стойкость к кристаллической коррозии, его следует обработать при высокой температуре — 900°С.

Вот какие параметры заявляются изготовителями стержней:

  • наплавка: 13 г/Ач;
  • расход: 1,6 кг на 1 кг наплавленного металла;
  • производительность: 1,6 кг;
  • диаметр: 3 — 5 мм;
  • покрытие: основное;
  • сопр. разрыву: до 540 МПа.

Производители рекомендуют вести сварку на короткой дуге. Прежде чем начать работу, электроды нужно прокалить в течение часа при температуре порядка 200°С.

Особое покрытие электродов позволяет придать наплавленному металлу большую прочность и стойкость к разным внешним воздействиям.

Как хранить электроды?

Изделия поставляются потребителям в упаковках, обернутых термоусадочной пленкой, предотвращающей попадание лишней влаги. Несмотря на это следует соблюдать несколько простых правил хранения, которые помогут сохранить рабочие свойства электродов в течение долгого времени.

Важно соблюдать температурный режим. В помещении не должно быть прохладнее 15°С. Влажность нужно поддерживать на малом уровне. Уложите упаковки с расходниками таким образом, чтобы они не могли упасть. Их покрытие должно оставаться целым, иначе работать будет сложно.

Заключение

Производство ОЗЛ 8 происходит в соответствии с ГОСТом и всеми надлежащими сертификатами. Профессионалы говорят, что эта модель одна из лучших для работы с нержавеющей сталью. Этот сплав является очень капризный и потому сварные свойства очень важны.

 

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