Сварочные электроды ОЗС — особенности и применение

359
озс

Марка электродов ОЗС известна многим профессиональным сварщиками. Их используют при ручной сварке углеродистых металлов, с содержанием этого компонента не более 0,25%.

Где применяются электроды ОЗС?

Начать нужно с того, что сварка данными электродами допускается в различных положениях, кроме вертикального “сверху-вниз”. Для работы потребуется постоянный или переменный ток. В качестве источника может быть использован любой трансформатор, способный выдать 50 Вт на холостом ходу.

Покрытие электродов этой марки представляет собой рутил. Этот минерал дает возможность формировать соединения, в которых не появляется каких-либо пор или полостей. Помимо равномерного соединения, ОЗС позволяет производить работы даже по неочищенным кромкам.

Работать стержнями очень комфортно. Они легко зажигаются и обеспечивают стабильную дугу, что также влияет на прочность и качество шва. Наплавленный металл обладает высокой стойкостью к различным внешним нагрузкам и воздействиям.

Перед тем как начинать работу электродами ОЗС, рекомендуется выполнить их прокалку. Для этого понадобится специальная печь для электродов. Они помещаются в нее на 40 минут при t 150°С. Такая процедура необходима для обеспечения наилучших сварных свойств. Прокаливание избавляет электроды от содержащейся в них влаги и снижает ее до допустимых 0,7%.

Особенности использования

Модели ОЗС выпускаются в различных диаметрах. Помимо различного применения стержней, зависящего от материалов и их толщины, сечение определяет условия при которых электроды могут использоваться. Для каждого диаметра требуется подбирать свою силу тока:

  • 2,5 мм — в нижнем положении нужен ток 70-90 А, в верхнем 60-100А;
  • 3 мм — нижнее положение: 90-140А, потолочное: 80-100 А;
  • 4 мм — 160-220 А, 140-180 А;
  • 5 мм — 170-260 А, 160-200 А;
  • 6 мм — необходимый ток в нижнем положении 220-290 А.

Электроды постоянно развиваются и становятся лучше. Задачей инженеров является усовершенствование уже имеющихся свойств, а также повышение комфорта и удобства использования. Расходники ОЗС являются универсальными и востребованными в различных отраслях.

Для примера разберем свойства одной из самых часто используемых моделей “ОЗС-12”:

  • коэф. наплавки: 8,5 г/Ач;
  • расход: 1,7 кг на 1 кг наплавленного металла;
  • диаметр: 2,5 — 6 мм;
  • стабильная дуга;
  • минимальное разбрызгивание.

Такие электроды предназначены для простой и комфортной работы. Они позволяют без труда проводить сварочные работы, в том числе установку прихваток и проварку стыков. Кроме этого имеется возможность работать на особо низких токах. Стабильность дуги при этом никак не пострадает. Если вы используете электроды небольшого диаметра, источник питания может подключаться к обычной электросети. ОЗС-12 позволяют вести сварку даже по окисленным поверхностям, что сокращает время на обработку кромок. Шов, выполненный такими электродами будет качественным и надежным.

Заключение

Электроды ОЗС пользуются большим доверием потребителей и имеют отличные отзывы. Они очень популярны для выполнения различного рода работ. Очень часто их можно встретить даже в домашнем хозяйстве. Мастера с многолетним опытом говорят, что эти стержни просты и удобны в работе. Выбрав их, вы не пожалеете. Сделанные соединения не подведут и прослужат в течении долгого времени.

 

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