Сварочные электроды ТМЛ — разновидности и применение

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электроды тмл

Сварочные электроды “ТМЛ” используются в разных сварочных работах и подходят для разных задач. Они хорошо показывают себя как при сварке ответственных, так и рядовых конструкций. “ТМЛ” выпускаются на разных заводах. Среди предприятий, занимающихся их изготовлением, такие заводы как ЛЭЗ, СЗСМ, Фрунзе и др.

Модели электродов ТМЛ

Чтобы наилучшим образом понять, какие свойства и назначение имеют модели, нужно разобраться в характеристиках и параметрах нескольких из них.

ТМЛ-5

Модель используется для устранения дефектов, возникающих в энергооборудовании. То есть применяется на особых производствах. Электроды могут работать со сталями, имеющими легирующие компоненты в составе, и устойчивыми к повышенным температурным режимам. Вот какие параметры они имеют:

  • покрытие: основное;
  • наплавка: 9,5 г/Ач;
  • расход: 1,6 кг на 1 кг металла.

Перед началом работ, электроды нужно подготовить. Для этого их нужно прокалить при температуре 350°С в течение часа.

ТМЛ-3У

Электроды применяются для сборки и монтажа трубопроводов, сделанных из сталей, имеющих в составе хром и молибден, и эксплуатируемых при температурах до 560°С. Вот какие характеристики они имеют:

  • покрытие: основное;
  • наплавка: 9,5 г/Ач;
  • расход: 1,5 кг на 1 кг металла.

Перед началом работ, прутки необходимо прокалить. Условия этой процедуры разные для изделий от разных производителей. С ними нужно подробно ознакамливаться. Они указываются на упаковке.

ТМЛ-3

Самое частое применение электродов — это сварка неповоротных стыков, сделанных из сталей с хромом и молибденом, находящихся в высокой температуре — до 560°С. Соединение обладает высокой плотностью и надежностью. Вот какие параметры имеют электроды:

  • покрытие: основное;
  • наплавка: 9,5 г/Ач;
  • расход: 1,5 кг на 1 кг металла.

Рекомендуется вести сварку на короткой дуге. Перед началом работ, следует хорошо зачистить поверхности, поскольку остатки покрытия, грязь, ржавчина или влага, могут серьезно повлиять на качество соединения. Оно может быстро разрушиться и прийти в негодность.

ТМЛ-1У

Стержни используются при сборке трубопроводов, конструкций и оборудования, работающего при температуре до 520°С. Помимо этого они применяются для обработки поверхностей, испытывающих большие термо нагрузки. Вот какими характеристиками они обладают:

  • покрытие: основное;
  • наплавка: 9 г/Ач;
  • расход: 1,4 кг на 1 кг металла.

Главными качествами данной модели является стабильная дуга и простое отделение шлакового слоя. Два этих параметра очень положительно влияют на производительность работы и ее эффективность.

ТМЛ-1

Используются для сварки паропроводов из хромовых и молибденовых составов, работающих при температуре 500°С. Работать этими электродами очень комфортно, поскольку они обеспечивают стабильное горение дуги и простое отделение шлакового слоя, что повышает производительность труда и его эффективность. Вот какие параметры они имеют:

  • покрытие: основное;
  • наплавка: 10 г/Ач;
  • расход: 1,4 кг на 1 кг металла.

Сварка может вестись в различных положениях, кроме вертикального “сверху-вниз”. Перед началом работ рекомендуется подготовить свариваемые поверхности. Их нужно зачистить от грязи, старого покрытия и ржавчины. Если этого не сделать, соединение может оказаться некачественным и быстро разрушится.

Заключение

Электроды “ТМЛ” имеют большое количество положительных отзывов. О них хорошо отзываются даже сварщики с большим стажем работы. Расходники хорошо справляются со своими задачами и обеспечивают комфортную работу. При этом они поставляются по очень приятным ценам, что делает их очень популярными на рынке.

 

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